Tamil Nadu will now get 404.25 tmcft of Cauvery water instead of 419 tmcft allotted by tribunal: SC
SC says increase in Cauvery water share for Karnataka is on account of groundwater and drinking water requirement for Bengaluru residents.
* 177.25 TMC water for Tamilnadu
* 14.75 TMC in addition with Exists for Karnataka
* Supreme Reduced from 192 TMC Water to 177.25 TMC for Tamilnadu
* For Karnataka water Share increased to 284.75 TMC
Verdict On 120-Year-Old Cauvery Dispute Being Read Out
Cauvery Water Dispute Verdict: The 765-km long Cauvery river, also called the Ganga of the south, is considered the lifeline for Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The river originates in Kodagu district in southern Karnataka and flows into Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry.
In a landmark verdict that is expected to have a massive political impact, Tamil Nadu's share of water from the river Cauvery has been reduced by the Supreme Court. Karnataka will now release 177.25 TMC to Tamil Nadu instead of 192. Karnataka will receive a greater share of water. The big win for Karnataka comes just months before crucial state elections.
The bench is headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra and includes Justices Amitava Roy and AM Khanwilkar.
During the hearings that ended last year, Tamil Nadu had asked the top court to make a "fundamental change" in the water sharing pact and set up a Cauvery Management Board. "The river is perennial, but the litigation should not be," Tamil Nadu's lawyer Shekhar Naphade told the court.
Karnataka has argued that it was unfair to require the state to release a fixed amount of water irrespective of the availability of water. "It is like the tribunal ordering god to send rain to the State," Fali Nariman, who appeared for Karnataka, said. The water tribunal which delivered the 2007 award was set up in 1990 on the orders of the Supreme Court.
The 765-km long Cauvery river, also called the Ganga of the south, is considered the lifeline for Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The river originates in Kodagu district in southern Karnataka and flows into Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry.
This appeal was filed against the 2007 order of the Cauvery Water Tribunal that allocated, in a normal year, 270 TMC, or thousand illion cubic feet, 192 TMC to Tamil Nadu at its Mettur Dam, 30 TMC to Kerala and 6 TMC to Puducherry. Karnataka wants Tamil Nadu's award to be slashed by half to 132 TMC. Tamil Nadu, on the other hand, demanded that it should get 325 TMC water.
Karnataka contends that the allocation was grounded in the agreements of 1892 and 1924 between the then Kingdom of Mysore and the then Madras Presidency. The state also argues that there isn't enough supply in the four dams built on Cauvery for the drinking water needs of cities like Bengaluru and Mysuru.
In 2016 after attempts to resolve dispute through arbitration failed, the Supreme Court had asked the centre to form the Cauvery Management Board but the government declined, insisting that only parliament could create such a body.
A direction to Karnataka the same year to release more water to Tamil Nadu was stonewalled by Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah. "We are not willfully disobeying the orders of the Supreme Court. We respect the Supreme Court, but have to give water to humans," Mr Siddaramaiah had then told PTINews.